Engineering Journal

Updating Standard Shape Material Properties Database for Design and Reliability

Updating Standard Shape Material Properties Database for Design and Reliability

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Updating Standard Shape Material Properties Database for Design and Reliability

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Bartlett, F. Michael; Dexter, Robert J.; Graeser, Mark D.; Jelinek, Jason J.; Schmidt, Bradley J.; Galambos, Theodore V. (2003). "Updating Standard Shape Material Properties Database for Design and Reliability," Engineering Journal, American Institute of Steel Construction, Vol. 40, pp. 2-14.

This paper summarizes the mechanical properties of ASTM A992 steel as determined by tests of 207 flatstrap tensile test specimens at the University of Minnesota and the University of Western Ontario carried out in accordance with ASTM A370. Samples were obtained from 38 heats of steel from eight different shapes provided by three producers. The objectives of the study were to quantify statistical parameters for the mechanical properties of A992 steel and to investigate the necessity of updating the resistance factor for steel in the AISC LRFD Specification (AISC, 1999). The lower tail of the yield strength data is accurately represented by the lognormal distribution reported by Dexter, Graeser, Saari, Pascoe, Gardner, and Galambos (2000). The ratio of the observed yield stress to the corresponding value reported on the Mill Test Report averaged 1.002, with a coefficient of variation of 0.044. The ratio of the flange yield strength to web yield strength averaged 0.95. The difference between the static yield strength and the yield strength recorded at ASTM A370 strain rates averaged 4.4 ksi. It is concluded that A992 steel has smaller bias coefficients and smaller coefficients of variation compared to the parameters for A36 steel used in the original calibration that have increased the reliability index slightly. At the AISC LRFD calibration point of a live-to-dead ratio of three, the reliability index for a braced compact beam with a resistance factor of 0.9 increases from 2.5 to 2.6 if the discretization factor is ignored or to 2.8 if the discretization factor is included. However, an increase of resistance factor from 0.90 to 0.95 is not recommended without further study.

  • Published: 2003, Quarter 1

Author(s)

F. Michael Bartlett; Robert J. Dexter; Mark D. Graeser; Jason J. Jelinek; Bradley J. Schmidt; Theodore V. Galambos