Continuing Education

Simulation of Geometric Imperfections in Cold-Formed Steel Members*

In this paper, a summary of the available imperfection measurements for cold-formed steel members is presented. Three methods to simulate imperfection fields are introduced: the first is the classical approach employing a superposition of eigenmode imperfections, but scaled to match peaks in the measured physical measurements. The second is a method based on the multidimensional spectral representation method, in which imperfections are considered as a twodimensional random field and simulations are performed taking a spectra-based approach. The third is a novel combination of modal approaches and spectral representation that directly considers the frequency content of the imperfection field, but employs a spectral representation method driven by the cross-sectional eigenmode shapes to generate the imperfection fields. The effect of these different approaches on the simulated strength and collapse behavior of members is investigated using material and geometric nonlinear finite element collapse modeling. The third imperfection generation method, termed the 1D Modal Spectra Method, provides an intriguing new tool in the simulation of thin-walled members.

  • Date: 4/18/2012 - 4/21/2012
  • PDH Credits: 0


V.M. Zeinoddini; B.W. Schafer; Johns Hopkins University; Baltimore; MD

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