24   Frame of Reference
By David J. Odeh, SE, PE, Jay Taylor, SE, PE, and Carl Giegold
Brown University’s Lindemann Center has a creative steel frame crafted for a versatile performing arts space.

30   Retail to Rinks
By Nick Ereckson, PE, and Scott Wert, PE
A mall turned ice center in Tulsa redefines adaptive reuse.

36   Heavy Lifting
By Roger Heeringa, SE, PE, Jessica Martinez, PE, and Dennis Pilarczyk, PE
Steel was the essential piece of an innovative two-story distribution center that’s reimagining the future of urban warehouses.

42   AI Arrival
By Daniel Kamau, PEng, and Grayson Ingram, PhD
The steel industry is increasingly turning to AI as one way to help improve efficiency and tackle problems.

44   Steel’s Slam Dunk
By Kate Duby, Patrick Engel, and Megan Erickson
NASCC: The Steel Conference smashed attendance records for a third straight year and united all corners of the industry.

48   2024 Hot Products
Modern Steel Construction’s roundup of the latest offerings for creating and building successful structural steel projects from the exhibit hall at NASCC: The Steel Conference.


14   Joist Journey
By Bruce Brothersen, PE, and Ken Charles
Evaluating open web steel joists for potential modification is both an art and a science.

Field Notes
18   Giving Back
Interview by Geoff Weisenberger
Onur Avci pivoted from a career as a practicing engineer to academia, fulfilling his wish to share his wealth of knowledge with the next generation of engineers.

Business Issues
21   Embracing AI
By Barry J. Bruns
Steel fabricators should think about artificial intelligence with an open mind instead of worry or hesitation.